Complete Guide to Kitchen Gardening in India

Let’s get to know in-depth about Kitchen gardening in generic and how you can set up your kitchen garden in India. It is also called Home Garden, Nutrition Garden or Kitchen Garden or Vegetable Garden.

What is Kitchen Gardening?

Complete Guide to Kitchen Gardening in India


A kitchen garden is constructed with the sole purpose of growing vegetables that can be grown all year round. It is a more practical garden with a hedge or stone walls to contain the garden. Kitchen gardens are conducive to grow herbs, fruits and vegetables.

Benefits of Kitchen Gardening

Complete Guide to Kitchen Gardening in India

  • You get to eat more homegrown seasonal vegetables and herbs that are free from harmful pesticides.

  • There’s better control over what goes in your meal when you are growing it yourself, making it a healthier option

  • Kitchen gardening is a very healthy way to involve the whole family in a physical activity

  • Kitchen gardening also help clean up a lot of air around your home

  • Your kitchen garden goes a long way in healing the environment around you

Where To Put Your Kitchen Garden

Complete Guide to Kitchen Gardening in India

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Like any other garden, even a kitchen garden requires proper sunlight. A kitchen garden can be grown in the backyard, terrace or just a pot. In India, if you have a terrace, you have ample space and sunlight for the plants. If you are planning to have a kitchen garden in your apartment, even a windowsill will be a good location.

The location you plan to have a kitchen garden should get adequate sunlight for at least 4 to 5 hours a day, preferable morning sunlight but even a little shade.

If you are going to use pots (earthen or plastic) to grow your produce, you got to take care of the following points:

  • Proper space to help the plants grow

  • Pots should have holes to help in proper drainage

Pro-tip: You can use milk cartons, used plastic bottles, etc. as pots for your kitchen garden.

Soil Usage

Complete Guide to Kitchen Gardening in India

You can make your kitchen garden soil by yourself at home. Make a mixture of 50% soil and 50% compost made at home. You can collect all your kitchen wet waste like tea leaves, eggshells, vegetable peels, etc and instead of throwing it in the garbage, gather it in a pot with soil for a few days.

While planting your vegetables or fruits for your kitchen garden, fill the container with a mixture of soil and compost three-quarters (add in a few pebbles or crushed thermocol pieces to prevent clogging in the pot). Plant the seeds or vegetables and spray the water just enough to moisten the soil. Always try not to overwater the soil as it could lead to rotting of the roots.

To find out if the soil is dry, insert any finger in the soil till the knuckle to check if the soil is moist and water accordingly.

Vegetables To Grow In A Kitchen Garden

Complete Guide to Kitchen Gardening in India

Planning to have a kitchen garden for yourself? Here are some vegetables you can grow:


Tomatoes prefer particular growing conditions. Read on how to grow tomatoes and grab your tomato seeds online to get started.


Brinjals require full sun and you can easily grow them in your terrace garden or kitchen garden. Sow your brinjal seeds in sandy-loam soil for best results.


Chilli seeds need to be germinated indoors in a warm climate before you can sow them in soil. Learn more on how to grow chilli at home.


Onions are best sown in spring. Sow your onion seeds in a sunny spot in a well-drained and fertilized soil to get your fresh supply of home-grown pesticide-free onions.


Ladyfinger, bhindi or okra can be grown with the help of okra seeds in the early summer season. Be sure to water your ladyfinger plant morning and evening to get the best results. Read our guide on growing ladyfinger for more.

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Bitter Gourd

Sow Karela seeds in early spring to get the perfect produce of karela. If you are looking for seeds, check out non-GMO bitter gourd seeds online.

Explore seed varieties to shop for your kitchen garden

Herbs To Grow In Kitchen Garden

Complete Guide to Kitchen Gardening in India

Coriander /Dhania

Coriander is very easy to grow from coriander seeds. Here’s a complete guide on growing coriander at home.


Sow Mint seeds outdoors by the end of spring. Make sure to keep the soil well-drained and you’ll have the pudina ready to harvest in less than 2 months.


Basil has many varieties. Check out green basil seeds, purple basil seeds, and basil microgreen seeds before you decide to sow. Basil grows well throughout the year but is best sown during spring.


Spring is the best time to sow your lemongrass seeds. Lemongrass thrives well in hot climate and requires well-drained soil. Buy lemongrass seeds here.

These are some of the vegetables and herbs you can grow in your kitchen garden, but you can also grow fruits, spices, flowers, and so much more.

Maintaining the Garden

Complete Guide to Kitchen Gardening in India

Maintain your kitchen garden firstly starts with the spacing of plants. Space out your plants to allow them a proper place to grow and flourish. Plants that are placed together have their own humidity and tend to grow poorly.

Another tip to maintain the kitchen garden is pruning. To help your produce grow healthy in your kitchen garden, be sure to prune your plants regularly. To simplify what it is: Pruning is the process of clipping dead or dried leaves. The pruning helps the plants in growing, and health improves as well. You can undertake the process of pruning at any time of the year. The more you prone, the more it will flourish. It is best to use pruners, also called clippers, to make clean cuts with swift action.

In conclusion, if you want to take up a hobby and want to start kitchen gardening, this is a complete guide to help you kickstart your gardening at home, be it an apartment or a bungalow. Fret not! Get your hands on homegrown organic vegetables, fruits, herbs, and so much more just at a hands distance. [external_footer]

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