A Guide to Baritone, Euphonium and Tuba

Deanna Swoboda, former tubist with the internationally recognized Dallas Brass, is Assistant Professor of Music at Western Michigan University where she teaches bass horn and euphonium and performs with the westerly Brass Quintet, a house physician staff ensemble. Since 1994, Ms. Swoboda has toured the United States and Europe salute concerts, master classes, and school residencies. She has performed with well-known artists such as Della Reece, Lionel Hampton, Bill Watrous, Michael Feinstein and Winton Marcellus. As a former extremity of the Arizona Commission for the Arts, Indiana Young Audiences and Oregon Young Audiences Deanna continues performing educational music assemblies and educate residencies respectively. baritone instrument Swoboda holds degrees in bass horn operation from the University of Idaho and Northwestern University, and is ABD for the Doctor of Musical Arts degree from Arizona State University. In addition to being a video artist for Silver Burdette-Ginn, Swoboda wrote, produced, organized, and performed on the band recruitment DVD “ Band Blast Off ! ”, released in 2006. Her solo candle, “ Deanna ’ south Wonderland, ” was released on summit Records in 1999. She will release her adjacent children ’ sulfur four hundred, “ Tuba Tex : How the West was Fun ” in spring 2008. Prior to her appointee at Western Michigan University, Swoboda taught at the University of Nevada Las Vegas, the University of Northern Iowa, University of Denver, University of Idaho, National Conservatory of Madrid ( Spain ), and Deutschen Tubaforum–Hammelberg ( Germany ).

What is the difference between a baritone and a euphonium?

The main remainder is the bore size. The euphonium is conic ( the tube gradually gets bigger from the mouthpiece to the bell ) and the baritone is cylindrical ( it maintains a coherent bear size throughout the major parcel of the instrument which means it has a bright sound ). The baritone legal document is considered a small bear instrument. It is pitched in BBb and typically has three valves. It is a traditional instrumental role of the british brass band. The euphonium has a larger hold ( and is conic ) and has a dark sound. Euphoniums will have three or four valves .

What is a Conical Bore?

The bass horn and euphonium are considered conic instruments. A conic legal document has a gradual candle ( gradually gets larger through 2/3 of the tube ). They produce a more mellow tone choice .

Does my euphonium have a Compensating System?

A euphonium that has a compensate system has a fourthly valve ( operated by the left hand ) and has extra tube or “ knuckles ” on the spinal column of valves 1, 2, and 3. The one-fourth valve ( positioned on the side of the instrument ), in addition to the extra tube makes it potential to play chromatic notes between the first and second partials. It besides makes for much better intonation overall. The finger system is such that you can play Db using 2/3, add the fourth valve and play the octave lower in tune. On a non-compensating instrument, you would not be able to play the lapp finger for that broken Db. For exemplar, on a non-compensating instrument, you would have to play a one-half measure lower ( fingering 1/3 ) and adding the one-fourth valve to play a “ acute ” Db. besides with a pay instrumental role, you can now play the low B natural using 1, 2, 3, 4. With a compensating instrument you get better intonation, all of the chromatic notes from gloomy to gamey and better fingering combinations. If you are going to purchase a euphonium, make certain you at least buy one with four valves ( whether compensating or non-compensating ). The euphonium with four valves is far superior to a three-valved legal document because it allows for better intonation .

What is a Sousaphone?

A brass instrument invented by composer and conductor, John Phillip Sousa and the instrument godhead J. W. Pepper ( Philadelphia ). The design was adapted from the bass horn and the helicon. In 1893, Pepper built an instrument that allowed the bell to be pointed upwards for the concert set and forward for the border. He called it a “ bass horn ” to thank Sousa for his suggestions .

When was the valve invented?

The beginning valve was invented in 1815 by Heinrich Stolzel.

How many different keyed tubas are there?

There are four keys of bass horn from which to choose. From the largest to the smallest you will find the BBb and CC bass fiddle bass horn and the Eb, and F “ bass ” bass horn. Junior High/Middle School and High School players will begin on the BBb bass fiddle bass horn. It is a good instrument for providing the foundation of the band ( playing the first gear notes ). If a student decides to go to college and major in music then she/he may be asked by the professor to switch to CC bass horn. The CC bass horn is reasonably smaller ( has less tubing ) than the BBb bass horn. The CC bass horn is more agile and easier to facilitate in the upper register. The Eb and F bass horn are used chiefly for alone and high orchestral play. These instruments are smaller and are much easier to facilitate in the amphetamine register. High orchestra parts ( written by Berlioz, Prokofiev, Mendhlesson and others ) and solos written for bass bass horn are much more fun and accomplishable on these Eb and F bass horn .

How do I know what instrument to buy?

When buying a bass horn or euphonium the chief considerations should be the sound of the musical instrument when toy, the still of response, the lastingness, and the cost. You want to buy an instrument that “ resonates ” with you, the musician. If you like the audio it produces and you are able to play it with relative ease ( in tune ) then it is worth considering. You besides want to know that it will last and that will have resale value. There should be sufficient bracing on the instrumental role. The brace protects the slides and the tube from being damaged. Ask your secret teacher or isthmus director to assist you when buying an instrument. They can help decide which one is best for you .

What about the mouthpiece?

The size of mouthpiece that you play with your bass horn or euphonium is very authoritative. A mouthpiece that fits by rights to the instrument and besides to the player can make a player ’ mho job easier. A beginning student should use a smaller mouthpiece, particularly if they are playing a smaller three-valved legal document. This allows the player to have more immediate response and a more focus legal. The more advanced musician ( and one with a larger legal document ) will want a bigger mouthpiece for a more resonant phone in the low register but besides something that allows ease and good intonation in the upper berth register .

How do I use the 4th valve on my tuba?

When used in entirely or in combination with early valves, the 4th valve will provide better intonation. The other thing it does is allow all of the chromatic notes between broken Bb and pedal BBb. The 4th valve tube is just a bit longer overall than the 1st and 3rd valves depressed together. sol, it will take the target of the 1st and 3rd combination and will be better in tune. hera are some fourth valve fingerings to try out on your BBb bass horn :

  • Low C – 4
  • Low B natural – 2, 4
  • Low Bb – open
  • Pedal F – 4
  • Pedal E – 2, 4
  • Pedal Eb – 1,2,4
  • Pedal D – 2, 3, 4
  • Pedal Db – 1, 3, 4
  • Pedal C – 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Pedal B natural (fake) 2, 3
  • Pedal Bb – open

Rotary or Piston Valves?

When deciding which is better, it is in truth improving to the player. Piston valves move up and down while synchronous converter valves ( like the french automobile horn valve ) rotate in a circle. Some people say that circular valves make for smoother player while pistons provide more of an openness and immediate reception. The actor has to determine their personal preference in this matter. Neither is “ better or worse ”, precisely unlike .

Care and maintenance?

It is authoritative to treat your legal document with worry. By keeping the legal document cleanse, the valves oiled, the slides greased, you will help the carry longevity of the legal document. Be sure to anoint your valves at least doubly a week, grease your slides once a calendar month and have it professionally cleaned once a class. Do not drink or eat before you play UNLESS you brush your teeth ! All of that will end up in your instrumental role and make for problems late. You can besides purchase a mouthpiece brush and clean your mouthpiece once a week. This helps keep the instrumental role clean and playing well .

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