The Difference Between Countries, Nations, States, and Governments – Video & Lesson Transcript

Another authoritative term in political science is ‘nation. ‘ A nation consists of a distinct population of people that are bound together by a common culture, history, and tradition who are typically concentrated within a specific geographic region. For example, all jewish people comprise a jewish nation and different tribes of native Americans are considered nations, such as the Lakota. not all nations have States. While the jewish nation is not a State, Israel is a State. On the other hand, the Lakota nation does not have a State of its own. modern States tend to try to develop a sense of nation within their territorial boundaries. It is believed that a express consist of a nation of people is more cohesive and easier to govern as there is a common adjust of beliefs, values, culture, and history. In fact, States that are able to successfully create a state out of its population are called Nation-States .

Government Defined

The term ‘government ‘ besides has a more precise intend in political science compared to the way it is bandied about in casual conversation. politics can be viewed in two different ways : as an institution and as a serve. As an institution, the government is the group of people with the authority over a political unit at a given time. In other words, it ‘s the people in might that exercise the baron of the political unit of measurement, whether it ‘s a little town or a autonomous State. For example, the current elect Congress, the president, the executive agencies under the president of the united states, and the sitting members of the United States Supreme Court constitute the government of the United States. When using ‘government ‘ in this manner, we normally refer to it with the article ‘the, ‘ and say ‘the politics, ‘ rather than merely ‘government. ‘

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Government besides refers to the manner in which a political unit is governed at a particular time. It involves the march and means that government uses to maintain order and manage the resources of the state. For case, government in United States involves democratic representation and primarily free market principles in managing resources. Notice that when we use the term to refer to the process of government, we do not preface the term with the article ‘the. ‘

Lesson Summary

Let ‘s review what we ‘ve learned. The field of political skill use terms that are much used in ordinary conversation but have more precise and specify meanings in the discipline of political skill. A State is a political unit that has reign over an area of territory and population. The term ‘country ‘ is a more imprecise and ambiguous term that is much used by laypeople alternatively of ‘State. ‘

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A nation is a group of people bound together by a park culture, history, and tradition that normally live within a condense geographic region. Modern States attack to mold their populations into a nation with the solution known as the Nation-State. The government refers to the group of people that presently have agency to govern on behalf of the State, while government is the summons of governing a State .

Learning Outcomes

By the end of this lesson you should be able to :

  • Explain what a State is and why it is a more preferred term than ‘country’
  • Recall what the difference between a nation and a State is
  • Discuss the two meanings of ‘government’