1. Which of the following stem cells can differentiate into the largest number of different cell types?

1. Which of the pursue stem cells can differentiate into the …

1. Which of the follow shank cells can differentiate into the largest number of different cell types ?

A ) bodily

B ) Unipotent C ) Oligopotent D ) Pluripotent 2. Scientists rely on which of the following to provide critical feedback when revising scientific explanation? A ) Peer review B ) Null hypothesis C ) dogma D ) opinion 3. Which of the following organs releases bicarbonate as response to the release of secretin by the duodenum?  A ) gallbladder B ) irascibility C ) Pancreas D ) Liver 4. emphysema caused by damage to alveoli from toxins and pollutants is likely to result in the body having difficulty performing which of the following actions ?  A ) Releasing histamine and acetylcholine B ) Producing enzymes C ) Absorbing food D ) Exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide 5. Which of the following properties of water explains its solvent abilities for certain substances?  A ) High come on latent hostility B ) Kinetic department of energy of liquid water molecules C ) High specific heat D ) Polarity of water molecules 6. Which of the following pathways best represents the expected flow of blood from the human heart to an organ?  A ) Blood pumped from the heart first enters arterioles that then merge to form arteries that extradite blood to theorgan B ) Blood pumped from the heart inaugural enters arteries that then narrow to form arterioles that render blood to capillaries of the organ C ) Blood pumped from the heart first enters veins that then narrow to form venules that surrender blood to arteries of the organ D ) Blood pumped from the heart first enters arteries that then narrow to form veins that deliver blood to the electric organ 7. Using the equation pH= – log [H+], a solution with a [H+] = 10^9 M has a pH of which of the following?  A ) 1 B ) 5 C ) 10 D ) 9 8. Which of the following types of bonds link base pair nucleotides within a double strand of DNA? A ) covalent B ) peptide C ) Ionic D ) hydrogen 9. Metabolism is known as which of the following types of respiration?  A ) pneumonic B ) External C ) Cellular D ) Internal 10. which of the following regions of the body are the tibia and fibula?  A ) tarsal B ) Antecubital C ) Crural D ) Coxal 11. Which of the following digestive system structures releases sodium bicarbonate into the small intestine, resulting in a change in the pH of chyme from acidic to basic?  A ) gallbladder B ) Pancreas C ) Liver D ) Appendix 12. A cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. Which of the following describes the resulting osmosis?  A ) There is a net menstruation of water into the cell B ) The net menstruate of water system into and out of the cell is zero. C ) There is no hang of water. D ) There is a net flow of water out of the cell. 13. Which of the following elements has the smallest atomic radius? A ) systeme international d’unites B ) C C ) Ge D ) Sn 14. An efficient way to block protein synthesis is by inhibiting which of the following?  A ) Ribosomes B ) Glyoxysomes C ) Apoplasts D ) Lysosomes 15. A student conducts an experiment in which he dissolves 1.0 grams () each of several substances in 50 millimeters (mL) of water. He has 12 identical plastic cups of water. He places 1.0 g of salt into three of the cups,1.0 g of sugar into three of the cups, and 1.0 g of baking soda into three of the cups. The three remaining cups contain only water. He places all the cups in a freezer and records the temperature of the water in each cup every 15 minutes for 4 hours . Which of the following questions is the student most likely investigating?  A ) How does the book of water affect the pace at which it cools ? B ) What effect does cooling have on the solubility of unlike solutes ? C ) How is the cooling pace of water affected by different solutes ? D ) What effect do different concentrations of solute have on the freeze point of water ? 16. In a plant in which fuzzy leaves (F) are dominant smooth leaves (f), which of following crosses will produce only offspring with smooth leaves? A ) FF X FF B ) Ff X Ff C ) ff X ff D ) Ff X ff 17. Which of the following structures in the male reproductive system secretes a fluid that nourishes andprotects sperm?  A ) urethra B ) Prostate gland C ) Vas deferens D ) Epididymis 18. Which of the following parts of the central nervous system releases chemicals that regulate the pituitary gland? A ) cerebellum B ) Hypothalamus C ) Spinal cord D ) thalamus 19. Which of the following body systems is the primary system involved in preventing an infection when a cut in the skin allows bacteria to enter the body ? A ) The immune system B ) The endocrine arrangement C ) The excretory system D ) The circulatory system 20. Which of the following skin layers contains dead cells? A ) Papillary layer B ) Stratum basale C ) Stratum stratum corneum D ) Reticular level 21. Which of the following statements describes how bile salts aid during digestion?  A ) Decrease the size of starches to aid in digestion B ) Increase the size of adipose tissue droplets to aid in digestion C ) Increase the size of starches to aid in digestion D ) Decrease the size of fat droplets to aid in digestion 22. When experimental results seem to only partly support a hypothesis, a researcher should consider which of the following?  A ) Formulating a scientific law B ) Manipulating the datum C ) Exploring alternative explanations D ) Accounting for other researchers ‘ biases 23. Which of the following is a function of the circulatory system?  A ) To manufacture antibodies B ) To break down toxins C ) To produce insulin D ) To transport hormones 24. In a double circulation system, which of the following describes a possible pathway of blood flow through the pulmonary circulatory system? A ) O xygenated blood flows toward the heart from the lungs.

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B ) Deoxygenated rake flows from organs and tissues of the body to the heart. C ) Oxygenated blood flows throughout the body. D ) Deoxygenated blood flows from the lungs to the heart 25. A doctor explains that a patient has pulled a muscle in his back. Which of the following could injured in a patient’s back? A ) Latissimus dorsi B ) Zygomaticus C ) Adductor magnus D ) Gastrocnemius 26. Which of the following hormones increases the heart rate in response to stress?  A ) epinephrine B ) Insulin C ) testosterone D ) Glutamate 27. Histones are proteins associated with which of the following?  A ) Sperm cells B ) deoxyribonucleic acid C ) Hair follicles D ) lineage 28. Which of the following cellular organelles releases the energy contained in food?  A ) Golgi apparatus B ) Mitochondria C ) Ribosomes D ) Centrioles 29. Which of the following describes a process that occurs along the proximal tubules of a nephron? A ) Glucose, lactate, and amino acids are reabsorbed. B ) Toxins in the filter are detoxified. C ) Urea is actively reabsorbed. D ) Altered filter leaves the urinary organization and the body. 30. Which of the following is a function of the integumentary system? A ) storage of fat B ) Release of minerals C ) product of antibodies D ) Absorption of water 31. A study found two processes, Process A and Process B, to be correlated. Which of the following is true for these processes ?  A ) The study can not indicate whether process A and B have a negative relationship. B ) The study indicates that Process A causes Process B. C ) The study does not indicate a causal relationship between the processes. D ) The discipline can not indicate whether march A and B have a positive relationship 32. Which of the following types of cells suppress immune responses ? A ) Regulatory T-cells B ) Neutrophils C ) Plasma cells D ) Macrophages 33. Which of the following are the two major parts of the nervous system ?  A ) Autonomic aflutter system and central skittish system B ) Peripheral anxious system and bodily anxious organization C ) Autonomic skittish system and bodily anxious system D ) Peripheral nervous arrangement and central nervous system 34. Which of the following substances is excreted by sweat glands in response to the breakdown of proteins and the formations ammonia? A ) urea B ) Lysozymes C ) Sebum D ) Water 35. A student investigating the importance of wavelengths above and below the visible spectrum for photosynthesis sets up an over a 2-month period, all with illumination at 1 meter distance from plants grown with the same soil and watering conditions . 3 Arabidopsis plants exposed to ultraviolet light (UV)  3 Arabidopsis plants exposed to infrared light (IR)        3 Arabidopsis plants exposed to white light At the end of the experiment, she finds that the IR treated plants are scorched, the UV treated plants have, the plants are growing normally .  Which of the following statements is most likely to be correct ?  A ) Three plants do not provide sufficient replications to draw a conclusion. B ) Infrared light contains more energy than the other wavelengths. C ) Wavelength of idle is the entirely variable that has been changed between groups D ) The wavelength of light does not affect photosynthesis. 36. Which of the following hormones is responsible for regulating sodium reabsorption in the kidneys? A ) thyroxine B ) erythropoietin C ) Calcitriol D ) aldosterone 37. How many times stronger is the hydrogen-ion concentration of a pH 4 solution as compared with a pH 9 solution?  A ) 5 B ) 100,000 C ) 0.000001 D ) 50 38. Which of the following describes the order of events in which bone heal? A ) A hematoma human body — bony callus forms—a fibrocartilage callus forms—bone recast occurs B ) A bony callus forms — hematoma forms — a fibrocartilage callosity forms — bone remodel occurs C ) A hematoma forms — a fibrocartilage callus forms — a bony callus forms — bone recast occurs D ) A fibrocartilage callus forms — hematoma forms – bone remodel occurs — a osseous callus forms 39. Which of the following types of cells are most similar in function to cytotoxic T-cells?  A ) Antigen -presenting cells B ) B cells C ) Dendritic cells D ) Natural killer cells 40. Which of the following organs filters excess solutes from the blood?  A ) kidney B ) gallbladder C ) Spleen D ) stomach 41. Ice cubes are placed in a glass of water to cool water. The cooling effect the ice cubes on the water is due to the heat being transferred in which of the following ways?  A ) From the methamphetamine to the water by conduction B ) From the water to the ice rink by conduction C ) From the body of water to the ice by radiation D ) From the ice to the water by radiotherapy 42. Which of the following describes the function of a neuron ?  A ) Stores potassium ions B ) Produces electrolytes C ) Creates electric impulses D ) Transmits centripetal information 43. Sunlight can damage epithelial cells of the skins, but limited exposure to ultraviolet radiation results in thebeneficial production of which of the Following?  A ) Vitamin D B ) Vitamin B C ) Vitamin K D ) Vitamin A 44. Which of the following body systems breaks down proteins into amino acids?  A ) excretory B ) endocrine gland C ) circulatory D ) Digestive 45. Which of the following occurs during inhalation? A ) The diaphragm moves down. B ) The volume of the pectoral cavity decreases. C ) Air moves from areas of humble pressure to areas of senior high school pressure. D ) The ribcage lowers. 46. The process by which gametes combine to form a zygote is called which of the following? A ) mitosis B ) meiosis C ) fertilization D ) parthenogenesis
47. Which of the following types of membrane is associated with the skin ?  A ) serous

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B ) Synovial C ) Cutaneous D ) peritoneum