Plant Cell vs Animal Cell – Difference and Comparison

plant and animal cells are both eukaryotic cells, so they have several features in common, such as the presence of a cell membrane, and cell organelles, like the nucleus, mitochondrion and endoplasmic reticulum. plant and animal cells have several differences and similarities. For case, animal cells do not have a cellular telephone wall or chloroplasts but plant cells do. Animal cells are largely round and atypical in supreme headquarters allied powers europe while plant cells have fixed, orthogonal shapes .

Cell Wall

A difference between plant cells and animal cells is that most animal cells are round whereas most establish cells are rectangular.Plant cells have a inflexible cellular telephone wall that surrounds the cell membrane. Animal cells do not have a cell wall. When looking under a microscope, the cell rampart is an easy way to distinguish establish cells .


Plants are autotrophs ; they produce energy from sunlight through the action of photosynthesis, for which they use cell organelles called chloroplasts. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. In animal cells, department of energy is produced from food ( glucose ) via the summons of cellular respiration. cellular respiration occurs in mitochondrion on animal cells, which are structurally slightly analogous to chloroplasts, and besides perform the affair of producing energy. however, plant cells besides contain mitochondria.

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All animal cells have centrioles whereas only some lower plant forms have centrioles in their cells ( e.g. the male gametes of charophytes, bryophytes, seedless vascular plants, cycads, and ginkgo ) .


Animal cells have one or more small vacuoles whereas implant cells have one large cardinal vacuole that can take upto 90 % of cell volume. In plant cells, the function of vacuoles is to store water and maintain turgidity of the cell. Vacuoles in animal cells store water, ions and waste .


A lysosome is a membrane-bound spherical vesicle which contains hydrolytic enzymes that can break down many kinds of biomolecules. It is involved in cell processes, like secretion, plasma membrane repair, cellular telephone signal, and department of energy metabolism. Animal cells have clearly defined lysosomes. The presence of lysosomes in plant cells in under consider. A few studies have reported presence of animal lysosomes in plant vacuoles consequently suggesting plant vacuoles fulfilling the role of the animal lysosomal system.

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Pictures of plant and animal cells

Structure of a Plant Cell

Structure of a Typical Plant Cell magnify structure of a typical Plant Cell

Animal Cell Structure

Structure of a Typical Animal Cell structure of a Typical Animal Cell

Video Comparing Plant and Animal Cells

This television summarizes the differences between animal and plant cells :

For a more in-depth search at the differences between plant and animal cell organelles, see this video recording .

Types of plant cells

This is a picture of the various types of plant cells, including xylem, phloem, sclerenchyma and collenchyma. This is a picture of the diverse types of plant cells, including xylem, phloem, sclerenchyma and collenchyma .