Difference between Autocracy and Dictatorship

Difference between Autocracy and Dictatorship

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An autocracy and a dictatorship are similar systems of administration that are used interchangeably. This article aims to separate these systems by highlighting their distinct characteristics.

Summary table


Headed by only one person
Headed by one person or a group of people

Once regarded as a favorable form of governance
Often associated with genocide, oppression, and tyrannical rule


Autocracy is a political system in which supreme assurance rests in the hands of a single rule. All political and legal power are wielded by just one person, including creating state policies and national decisions. An tyrant heads this form of government unopposed and is answerable to no one. autocratic leaders make decisions according to their judgment and ideas with about no remark from followers .
The terminus “ tyrant ” had a more positive meaning in earlier times. For exemplify, autocratic regimes did not have to deal with political quarrels from opposing sides because there were none to begin with. Thus, policy form and implementation were laid polish without delay .
Augustus, the first Roman Emperor, retained the Roman Senate while successfully keeping the power all to himself. Rome grew passive and comfortable until Commodus took leadership in 161 AD. The Aztecs had a mighty military ruled by an emperor who is besides a religious figure leading their empire ’ s aggressive foreign policy. Ieyasu Tokugawa established his Tokugawa Shogunate after seizing domination of all of medieval Japan. Tokugawa became medieval Japan ’ s sole rule and closed its borders to alien deal and controlled all aspects of daily homo affairs .

A dictatorship refers to a shape of politics where one person or a group of people rules over a state. dictatorial govern is exercised through different mechanisms to make certain the powers that be stay in control .


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Dictatorships are forms of dictatorship where those in exponent have control over every expression of its peoples ’ populace and private lives. All manner of political propaganda is used on the public to promote disinterest in alternative forms of government. Monarchy systems in the West employed diverse religious tactics to maintain their rule .
traditional monarchies declined between the 19th and twentieth centuries. self-appointed leaders ( called Caudillos ) backed by individual armies rose to world power at the end of spanish colonial principle. This started the roll of military dictatorships in South America well into the mid-20th century. Post-colonial authoritarian states were besides established in Africa and Asia Stalinist Soviet Union and exchangeable communist dictatorships emerged in Europe, China, and in respective other states. Adolf Hitler had Nazi Germany while Benito Mussolini was an italian fascist authoritarian .

Autocracy vs Dictatorship

so, what ’ s the difference between autocracy and dictatorship ? Autocracy is a organization of administration headed by a single rule called an tyrant. A dictatorship is a form of autocracy where power and authority are wielded by either one person or a group of people. Earlier forms of authoritarian regimes ( e.g. early Roman empire ) are sometimes regarded as favorable, while dictatorships are always viewed as oppressive and oppressive. Autocrats often lacked a cult of personality which dictators much flaunted to keep themselves in world power .

Comparison between Autocracy and Dictatorship

There are a number of similarities between autocracy and dictatorship. The similarities include : both of these forms of politics have a central assurance and both of them depend on the leader. They besides rely on the citizens for their survival. In autocracies, there is normally one rule who controls all aspects of life, including the army, religion, education, etc. In dictatorships, there is normally one person who controls all aspects of liveliness, including the army, religion, education, etc. There are besides similarities in the use of force and punishments which are meted out to those who do not comply with the orders given by the drawing card ( Authoritarianism ) .
There are, however, some differences between autocracy and dictatorship. Some of these differences include : dictatorships are not inevitably monarchies while autocracies can be monarchies or early forms of politics ( Monarchy ). Dictatorships can be very barbarous when compared to autocracies which are more big in nature ( Authoritarianism ). Dictatorships are not necessarily military governments while autocracies can be military governments or early forms of government ( Military dictatorship ) .

Pros and Cons of Autocracy and Dictatorship

The three main pros of autocracy and dictatorship are : efficiency, security, and uniformity. When a government is controlled by one single individual or one group of people, there is less waste than when there are multiple branches of the government. It is easier to control. The leaders know what they want done without having to deal with disobliging politicians or people that want more ability than they deserve. When everyone has the lapp ideas, they can all be used as an army against any resistance political party, so the opposition can not rise up because there are no opposition groups with multiple factions fighting each other. If there is one single person who decides on all policies, then everyone will follow them blindly. There is besides uniformity in how things are done because everyone has agreed on what is best for them ( or else they would not be separate of that society ) .
There are several disadvantages when a area or a state of a nation is governed by authoritarian regimes or a dictator including :

1. The head of state has unlimited power and control over its policies and decision-making procedure. centralization in this form has led to the development of inequality among people due to monopolization of economic resources by certain individuals, unmarried party or groups with political back. This inequality leads to an unfair distribution of wealth which can result in the poverty of the masses .
2. It gives no room for person homo rights, which means there are no individual liberties for people under autocracy. Under authoritarian regimes, there are restrictions on exemption of language, media, press, and civil liberties, which are not considered as desirable by many countries in the world. In autocracies, there are no different parties with different views on politics. Everyone is against the regimen. This means that no one can stand up for his or her rights or those of his family. The government does not pay care to individual problems. It may even take measures against people who defend their homo rights, so they can get away with it. This happens in many countries. For case, in Russia under the first russian Tsar, Ivan, people were persecuted if they tried to get involved in politics or if they criticized the leadership manner of the head of submit .

case of autocracy and dictatorship

The celebrated country in history that has been known as the model of autocracy and dictatorship is China. The leadership stylus that China has adopted was known as ‘ authoritarian ’. This type of leadership is identical long-familiar among taiwanese. The Chinese are well-acquainted with this system. One reason why people are so familiar with this arrangement is because they have seen it during their childhood. When they were at school, they were taught about the characteristics of autocracy and dictatorship. They besides learnt how dependable authoritarian rulers were .
An example of dictatorship can be seen in Spain under Francisco Franco, who has made versatile controversial decisions during his principle, including the single-minded vision of Spain as a button-down catholic nation. The reason why Franco has been able to make these decisions is because he does not have to worry about the opposition. furthermore, his decision-making is besides much faster than that of a democratic government because in most cases, it is alone one person making all the decisions for the state .


To sum up, autocracy and dictatorship are not precisely the lapp. The main remainder is that in an autocracy the rule is elected by the people, while in a dictatorship the ruler is an absolute authoritarian .
These two terms have been used to describe diverse forms of government since Ancient Greek and Roman times. It was used in Medieval Europe to describe respective forms of government, such as “ elective monarchy ” and “ ancestral monarchy ” .
The main difference between autocracy and dictatorship is that autocracy has a stronger shape of centralism. That is, there is a more centralized social organization in the government, and there are fewer government factions .
It is crucial to note that this does not mean that there are no factions at all. There will constantly be people who disagree with the ruler ’ south decisions, but those factions will be a lot smaller than those of a dictatorship .
An autocracy may have different types of rulers, depending on what form of politics it has. For example, if it has an elected leader or sovereign as its head, then it may have a democratic system for making decisions and choosing the drawing card .
But if it has a military as its head ( as in China ), then it will have an autocratic system for making decisions and choosing the drawing card .

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