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Moses Smashing the Tables of the Law is a painting by is a paint by Rembrandt avant-garde Rijn In Christianity, the Old Testament is the name of the first separate of the Bible which was completed before Jesus Christ was born. Scholars prefer the term Hebrew Bible. tertullian was credibly the beginning person to call these books the “ Old testament. ” He used the Latin diagnose vetus testamentum in the second hundred. The collection contains unlike textbook, called “ books ”, about God, and the people of Israel. It can be divided into several sections : the Torah, the History of Israel, the Prophets and Wisdom books. In Judaism, this collection of books is known as Tanakh because it is divided into three parts ( Torah, Nevi’im and Ketuvim ). Most Jews and many Christians believe these texts to be holy. According to them, God inspired people to write them.

Different religious communities include ( or eject ) certain books from the Old Testament. The Catholic Church uses Saint Jerome ‘s Latin transformation of the Old Testament called Vulgate. The eastern Orthodox church uses the ancient greek translation of jewish sacred writings called the Septuagint. The easterly Orthodox list of consecrated books has a few more books than the Roman Catholic list. protestant Bibles cling more closely to the books in the Tanakh but list them in a unlike ordain .
In the Old Testament, Almighty God is the one who created the universe. The God of the Old Testament is not always presented as the only God who exists even though there may be early gods, the God of the Old Testament is constantly shown as the only God whom Israel is to worship. The God of the Old Testament is the one “ true God ” ; only Yahweh is Almighty. Both Jews and Christians have always interpreted the Bible ( both the “ Old ” and “ New ” Testaments ) as an avowal of the oneness of Almighty God. [ 1 ] The Old Testament stresses the particular relationship between God and his chosen people, Israel, but includes instructions for proselytes arsenic well. This relationship is expressed in the biblical covenant ( abridge ) between the two, received by Moses. The law codes in books such as Exodus and particularly Deuteronomy are the terms of the shrink : Israel swears fidelity to God, and God swears to be Israel ‘s especial defender and athletic supporter. The Jewish Study Bible denies that covenant means compress. other themes in the Old Testament include salvation, redemption, divine judgment, obedience and disobedience, faith and fidelity. Throughout there is a solid stress on ethics and ritual purity. God demands both. According to the Old Testament, it is important to be bazaar and to help those who are vulnerable. Those in power should not be biased when they judge people. The Old Testament forbids corruption, deceiving people when trade. It is besides against some sexual practices, which are seen as extraordinary. All morality is traced back to God, who is the source of all good.

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The problem of evil plays a big share in the Old Testament. The trouble the Old Testament authors faced was that a full God must have had merely argue for bringing catastrophe ( meaning notably, but not alone, the Babylonian exile ) upon his people. The theme is played out, with many variations, in books arsenic different as the histories of Kings and Chronicles, the prophets like Ezekiel and Jeremiah, and in the wisdom books like Job and Ecclesiastes .

The books of the Bible [change |change source ]

For the order in jewish Bibles, see Tanakh

The Old Testament [change |change source ]

The New Testament [change |change source ]

  1. How the Bible came to be. Westminster John Knox Press. Barton, John 1997.. Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 978-0-664-25785-9, p=9

a – Orthodox adaptation : There is an extra book called 1 Ezra, this makes the stream Ezra – > 2 Genesis/
b – Catholic and Orthodox versions ; lacking in Protestant versions
c – Can only be found in Orthodox translation
d – Catholic and Orthodox versions contain verses not found in the original Hebrew
e – not in Protestant translation

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f – The first five books of the Bible are called the Pentateuch. In the jewish Bible they are called “ the Torah ”