UCAR Center for Science Education

Neon light with the letters Ne, the symbol for neon electricity has converted the neon gas in this light into a plasma, causing it to glow orange.
recognition : Pslawinski ( Wikipedia ) Plasma is one of the four coarse states of count. A plasma is an electrically charged natural gas. In a plasma, some electrons have been stripped away from their atoms. Because the particles ( electrons and ions ) in a plasma have an electrical charge, the motions and behaviors of plasma are affected by electric and magnetic fields. This is the chief dispute between a gas and a plasma. A plasma is created when one or more electrons are torn release from an atom. An ionize atom can be missing a few electrons ( or tied barely one ), or it can be stripped of electrons entirely leaving behind an nuclear nucleus ( of one or more protons and normally some neutrons ). Atoms that are missing electrons are called “ ions ”. Ions have a positive electrical charge because they have more positively charged protons than negatively charged electrons. A plasma is by and large a shuffle of these positively charged ions and negatively charged electrons. Most plasmas are created when extra energy is added to a boast, knocking electrons free from atoms. high temperatures much cause plasmas to form. Atoms in a hot gas are moving so firm that when they collide with each early they sometimes knock electrons easy. High energy photons, from gamma rays or X-rays or ultraviolet radiation, can besides create a plasma by knocking electrons away from their atoms. high-octane electricity can besides create plasma.

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Plasmas sometimes are created by humans. Some types of electrical lights contain plasma. electricity in fluorescent lights creates a plasma. Colorful neon lights, often used in signs, besides use electricity to convert a gas into glowing plasma. Certain types of flat-screen televisions make manipulation of plasma as well. Plasmas are besides common in nature. In fact, plasma is the most common express of “ ordinary ” matter ( that is, all topic early than the cryptic “ dark matter ” that astronomers have been puzzling over in recent years ) in the universe. Far more topic is in the plasma submit than in the liquid, solid, or gaseous states. Lightning strikes create plasma via a very strong jerk of electricity. Most of the Sun, and other stars, is in a plasma department of state. Certain regions of Earth ‘s atmosphere contain some plasma created primarily by ultraviolet radiation from the Sun. jointly, these regions are called the ionosphere. The extreme upper layers of Earth ‘s atmosphere, the thermosphere and exosphere ( and to a lesser extent the mesosphere ), besides contain a carnival measure of plasma mixed in with natural gas atoms and molecules. Above the atmosphere, Earth is surrounded by a magnetic “ bubble ” called the magnetosphere. Most of the particles in the magnetosphere are ionized plasma. Electric and magnetic fields often channel the flow of charged plasma particles. Plasma in Earth ‘s magnetosphere sometimes flows along Earth ‘s charismatic airfield towards the polar regions, creating the colored sparkle shows in the flip which we call the dawn or Southern and Northern Lights. These beautiful displays occur when energetic plasma particles collide with gases in the atmosphere, causing them to glow in much the same way that fluorescent and neon lights glow. Prominences, giant loops of glowing topic suspended above the Sun, are another exemplar of beautiful natural light shows created by plasma .

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