But you might not know the remainder between hepatitis A, B and C, or why you should be concerned about them .
here ’ s why : hepatitis, or excitement of the liver-colored, affects more than 50,000 fresh people each year and is a leading lawsuit of liver cancer and liver transplants. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) estimates angstrom many as 6 million people in the U.S. are living with hepatitis .
Having hepatitis can be dangerous and uncomfortable. Symptoms are alike for hepatitis A, B and C and may include fever, fatigue duty, passing of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, colored urine, gray-colored stools, joint pain and jaundice ( a yellow of the eyes and skin ). even worse, chronic hepatitis much has no symptoms, and people don ’ t know they ’ ra infected until they get very sick.
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Michael Fried, MD, director of the UNC Liver Center, explains the difference between the types of hepatitis and how to protect yourself .
about 2,500 new hepatitis A infections happen in the U.S. each year. People infected with hepatitis angstrom can be nauseated for a few weeks to a few months, but most recover with no lasting liver damage .
HOW DO YOU GET HEPATITIS A?
People normally get hepatitis A from eat or drink in something that has been contaminated with a small come of the virus, sometimes contained in faecal matter. This can happen when a person with hepatitis A contagion goes to the bathroom, doesn ’ metric ton wash his hands and then handles or serves food .
HOW DO YOU TREAT HEPATITIS A?
No medications or other treatments will cure hepatitis A contagion, so aesculapian treatment is aimed at making indisputable the person gets plenty of rest, fluids and adequate nutrition. fortunately, most people who get brainsick with a hepatitis A infection induce over it, and it doesn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate become a chronic illness .
HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF AGAINST HEPATITIS A
There is an effective vaccine against hepatitis a that is recommended for all children at historic period 1. however, most adults credibly have not received it because the vaccine wasn ’ triiodothyronine required when they were young. Dr. Fried says you can come in reach with the hepatitis A infection pretty much anywhere, so it ’ s a good theme for everyone older than 1 to get the vaccine, whether or not they ’ ve had any known exposure or traveled to regions where hepatitis A is common .
In addition to getting vaccinated, you should wash your hands every fourth dimension you go to the bathroom and before handling or serving food or drinks. besides be sure to wash and rinse raw produce before eating or serving it. Cooking bare-assed produce far reduces the risk of infection .
The CDC estimates that 850,000 to 2.2 million people in the United States live with chronic hepatitis B, and there are about 19,200 newfangled infections each year. Hepatitis B can become a good, lifelong condition.
HOW DO YOU GET HEPATITIS B?
In the U.S., people normally get hepatitis B contagion through intimate transmission or intravenous drug function. In other parts of the earth where hepatitis B is more park, such as Southeast Asia, mother-to-child transmission at parturition is the most common room people get infected. Unlike hepatitis A infection, hepatitis B has the potential to become a chronic contagion that requires lifelong management .
HOW DO YOU TREAT HEPATITIS B
Like hepatitis A, checkup treatment for acute hepatitis B is focused on getting batch of rest and fluids and eating a healthy diet, although sometimes antiviral drugs are recommended for severe cases to help prevent liver failure. Patients with chronic hepatitis B may be given an oral antiviral drug to control the viral infection and minimize liver-colored damage. These drugs are effective, but they rarely cure chronic hepatitis B. therefore, these medications often have to be taken for life .
HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF AGAINST HEPATITIS B
Dr. Fried emphasizes that hepatitis B infection can be prevented by avoiding hazardous behaviors involving sex and drugs and by getting vaccinated. The hepatitis B inoculation is required for infants at give birth, and subsequent vaccinations for adults are besides authoritative. There are separate vaccines for hepatitis A and B, but there is besides a combination A and B vaccine so you can take care of both types at once. In North Carolina, neonate vaccinations have been required since 1994. Anyone born before this year should talk to their health caution supplier about being vaccinated for hepatitis B .
Hepatitis C affects arsenic many as 4 million people in the U.S., and many of them don ’ t know they have the infection because it ’ s normally asymptomatic until the advanced stages of disease. More than 50 percentage of patients who get infected with hepatitis C go on to chronic infection. It ’ south estimated that about 120,000 people in North Carolina have chronic hepatitis C, and raw infections have been increasing .
Hepatitis C disproportionately affects baby boomers, which is why the CDC recommends hepatitis C screenings with a elementary, cheap rake test for anyone born between 1945 and 1965 .
HOW DO YOU GET HEPATITIS C?
Hepatitis C can be contracted entirely through direct blood contact. In the U.S., the primary manner of transmittance is rake exposure through sharing needles. Mother-to-child transmission is about 5 percentage of cases. Hepatitis C infection might besides be a risk for people who received a rake transfusion or an organ transplant before 1992, when far-flung test of the blood issue for hepatitis C began.
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HOW DO YOU TREAT HEPATITIS C?
When Dr. Fried started treating hepatitis C in 1990, the cure rate was 7 percentage. Treatments have evolved since then, leading to a 95 percentage cure rate. The treatment class includes taking one to a few pills a day for 12 to 24 weeks, and the medicines have few side effects. Hepatitis C is the only chronic viral contagion that you can routinely cure, thanks to these newly medicines .
HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF AGAINST HEPATITIS C
unfortunately, there is no vaccine available for hepatitis C, but you can protect yourself by avoiding behaviors such as sharing needles and syringes. In summation, the CDC recommends people born between 1945 and 1965 experience tested for hepatitis C. Testing is besides recommended for people who were treated for blood-clotting problems before 1987 and recipients of blood transfusions or donated organs before 1992 .
The UNC Liver Center has a clinic in Chapel Hill that specializes in hepatitis B and C, incorporating the latest clinical trials and most up-to-date therapies. treatment for hepatitis is besides available at our locations in Asheville, High Point, Raleigh and Wilmington. To learn more, call ( 919 ) 966-2516 .