Complete Iron-On Vinyl Guide

A complete guide to creating custom t-shirts and any other crafts involving heat transfer vinyl. Find all iron-on vinyl FAQ right here ! For the project tutorial, head to the bottom to be guided bit-by-bit through the process of applying HTV to a jersey .
complete guide to htv

What is heat transfer vinyl?

Heat transfer vinyl, besides known as, iron-on vinyl, jersey vinyl or HTV, is a particular type of vinyl that can adhere to fabric. This is different than adhesive vinyl sheets and rolls, that are sticky from the attack. The adhesive on the vinyl is activated with heat. This vinyl comes in sheets, rolls and packs. When you receive your vinyl, there is a front and a second. The front man side is the glistening side- that glistening layer is the carrier wave sheet which you can peel off after you ‘ve ironed your project. The back side is the flatness side, and that is the english you will cut when you create your blueprint. It is besides the side that has the heat-activated adhesive material.

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What if I want to make a vinyl craft not on cloth?

If you ‘re looking for a vinyl that can stick to glass, credit card, walls and more, check out adhesive vinyl. here ‘s a dim-witted template to using adhesive material vinyl. If you ‘re looking to experiment with alternative materials, check out this web log post .

What temperature do you use with HTV?

The type of HTV you ‘re using will help determine the temperature. For this stick out, I ‘m using Craftables Smooth HTV, so my iron will have to be between 300-315 degrees Fahrenheit. The temperature settings vary for other major brands. For your Craftables hotness settings, a handy estrus graph is below !

My iron doesn’t tell me what temperature it is- what do I do?

My iron does n’t tell me what temperature it ‘s heating up to either ! Do n’t worry, there are ways to figure it out. The first way is to do a test. Use a little scrap of framework or an old jersey and see what happens when you try to iron HTV at different heat settings. With my iron, I have found achiever using the hottest cotton mount and the lowest linen sic. That probably means the high cotton fructify is approximately 300 degrees Fahrenheit.You can besides besides test the temperature of your iron with a high heat thermometer, but be careful not to burn yourself !

What cut settings do you use with HTV?

fortunately, we besides have a cut settings chart here ! Whether you have a Cricut Explore, Silhouette Autoblade, or older Cricut or Silhouette, we have your cut settings chart. Make surely to pin it for future reference. besides, do n’t forget that each blade, car, entangle, etc. are all different. Make sure to always do a test geld before jumping to cut your entire plan .

What size should my design be?

No matter what you ‘re creating, make certain to always measure your plan before cutting. Below is a handy tilt of sizes that work great for most jersey projects. Make sure to confirm these measurements with whatever project you ‘re actually creating is !

  • Adult t-shirt size: 11″ x 11″
  • Fitted adult t-shirt size: 9″ x 9″
  • Youth t-shirt size: 7″ x 7″
  • Toddler t-shirt size: 5″ x 5″
  • Baby onesie size 0-3 mo: 3″ x 3″
  • Baby onesie size 3-6 mo: 4″ x 4″
  • Baby onesie size 6-9 mo: 5″ x 5″
  • Baby onesie size 9-12 mo: 6″ x 6″
  • Sleeve measurement: 2″ x 11″
  • Pocket size: 4″ x 4″ 
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What items can you iron on?

You can pretty much iron on anything that wo n’t melt ! For beginners, custom-made t-shirts, koozys, child onesies, blankets, pillowcases, lug bags, cup of tea towels, the possibilities are dateless ! HTV works best on cotton or polyester or cotton/poly blends. other synthetic fabrics, like acrylic fiber, wo n’t work correctly because they will melt under the heat of an cast-iron. For more progress crafters, you can apply HTV to mugs, baseball hats, footballs and even wood ! For more data on surfaces that take well to HTV, check out this blog post .

What if you do n’t want to iron it right away ?

If you want to wait to iron your project, plan on giving your iron-on decal as a gift, or if you ‘re traveling with it, I would recommend not weeding until you ‘re ready to iron it. If you are giving your decal as a giving and want to weed it foremost, go ahead and roll it up with a teflon sail to protect the adhesive material setting. then you can tie it with a bow and it ‘s fix to go !

How well does the vinyl stay on fabric after washing several times?

Depending on which type of estrus transmit vinyl you ‘re using, iron-on vinyl can last longer than the jersey itself !
Always remember to turn your dress inside out and wash it on cold. If you incidentally forget to do either, your project might survive up to 6 washes. If that happens and your vinyl becomes bubbly and wrinkled, try ironing it again to get it to lie smooth. And never, ever throw anything HTV in a dry !
If you ‘re working with metallic vinyl, like Foil, the shininess will start attenuation after the first gear wash. If possible, try hand-washing those garments. The pretty glistening finish is worth it !

Is it better to use a heat press or is an iron just as good?

I personally prefer to use an iron. I feel like I have more control condition and it ‘s frequently easier to plug in an iron and wait five minutes for it to heat up than to do the same with our gawky, heavy hotness press. I besides like peeking at my projects as I iron them, which is reasonably much impossible to do with a heat press. After talking all that smack about the hotness press, I would say if you have access to one, use it ! It is actually direction easier to get it good every single prison term with the hotness weigh. Your heating system weigh is besides a great creature because it will heat evenly which means no edges of your decal should be peeling after it ‘s pressed. And when we ‘re talking about wasting vinyl and t-shirts if you make a mistake, it ‘s better to just get it perfect in one shoot with the hotness compress .

What other supplies will I need to get started making my own t-shirts?

You will need :

  • A cutting machine
  • An iron or a heat press
  • Weeding tools (a pick is usually fine!)
  • Scissors
  • Cutting mat (optional!)
  • A teflon sheet, or parchment paper, or a thin towel or scrap of fabric
  • An ironing board or heat protective surface
  • Whatever fabric or material you’re working with like a t-shirt 
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Why do I need to flip my design?

Before you cut your design, you will need to flip it horizontally/mirror it. This is because you ‘re cutting it face down. If you cut it the right way ( formative side of vinyl down on the mat, with the design mirrored ), when you peel up your invention and front at it applied to the coat, it should read correctly. It ‘s hard to explain, but you ‘re reversing the negative. once you do it the first meter it will always make sense ! barely never forget to flip your invention .
If your design does not include text, you do n’t necessarily have to flip it. Your choice !

Should I pre-wash my fabric?

If you ‘re not in a haste to finish your visualize, I would decidedly recommend pre-washing your fabric ! If you ‘re ironing on a jersey you merely brought home from the store, imagine how cold that fabric is from the factory it came from. Anything adhesive material will constantly stick better to a clean airfoil. If you want your HTV to death, wash your dress with detergent and skip the framework softener ! If you ‘ve finished your project and forgot to wash, no worries ! Your HTV will placid stick for a while .

Do I need transfer paper? Do I need a squeegee?

great news- HTV ‘s carrier sheet acts like transfer newspaper ! so save your transmit newspaper for your adhesive material vinyl. As for the squeegee, you do not need one for HTV !

What if my design has 2 colors?

How fun ! Did you know you can cut by semblance ? Check out this stake for more on that ! The short answer is yes !

How do I use heat transfer vinyl?

now is the time for the bit-by-bit tutorial !
Begin by choosing your design. nowadays I ‘m making a monogram pocket jersey. Make certain to measure the area where you would like your design and keep that size in mind while you ‘re designing your project .
While you ‘re designing and cutting, it would be smart to start heating up your cast-iron or heat press. For the vinyl I ‘m using, Craftables Smooth, the iron needs to be somewhere bewteen 300-315 degrees Fahrenheit. My iron just has fabric settings and not the actual temperature. If your iron is like mine, go for high cotton setting – abject linen setting.

For this project I ‘m using Silhouette Studio. Open your design in whatever invention software you want to work in .
If you ‘re working with an image like I am, go ahead and trace it by clicking on the chat up button and selecting the area you ‘d like to trace. once your design looks okay, cluck “ trace ” .
trace your image
correct after tracing, mirror your design by finding the rotation icon and clicking one of the horizontal interchange buttons .
mirror your image
Delete your original tracing and now resize your blueprint by dragging the boxes on the border of your purpose in or out. Silhouette Studio will tell you how bombastic or little you ‘re making your design, make sure it ‘s the correctly size ! measuring stick doubly, cut once will save you a lot of time and money !
now you ‘re ready to cut ! Depending on which type of HTV and which car you ‘re using, your cut settings will vary. Make certain to do a test cut before you cut your design !
Make sure that the vinyl is bright side down on the master of arts in teaching. Press “ load ” on your car. After checking your cut settings, press cut !
The cut settings I used for this blueprint were Silhouette ‘s pre-loaded settings for the autoblade- heat transfer vinyl, smooth .
cut htv blue
once your invention has finished cutting, press “ unload ” on your machine. Remove your vinyl from the mat .
now it ‘s clock time to weed your design. Weeding is the process of removing undesirable vinyl from your design using a pick or any early weed tools. Take your time and be sure to pull off all unwanted vinyl .
weeding htv blue
If your iron is all heated up, it ‘s time for the boastful moment ! Preheat your framework with an iron for 5-10 seconds. This footfall is substantive because it evaporates any moisture that could be in your framework and compromise your adhesive. immediately place your vinyl on your project with the bright side up. If you used textbook in your design, now you ‘ll know why you were supposed to flip your design horizontally .
place htv on shirt copy
Your decal should be able to stick to your framework, thanks to the sticky carrier sheet. Make surely to use your teflon sheet, fight of fabric or parchment paper in between your design and your iron. This protects both your iron and your stick out. now you ‘re ready to apply heat. Again, remember to follow instructions specific to your type of HTV. I ‘m using Craftables Smooth so I ‘ll apply 300-315 degrees Fahrenheit hotness at a medium blackmail for 10 seconds without a teflon tabloid and 15 seconds with a teflon sheet. If you ‘re using a different type of Craftables HTV, make certain to check this graph .
iron htv with teflon sheet
After you ‘re done applying heat and pressure, resist the cheer to immediately peel off the carrier sheet ! Wait about 10 seconds before doing therefore. At this steer it ‘s way excessively hot to touch anyhow ! once 10 seconds have passed, go ahead and peel up the carrier sail. If applied correctly, the carrier sheet should peel off easily, leaving behind your design !
peel up htv

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now, if your vinyl looks like it ‘s not completely stuck on your fabric, you can hit your design with heat just one more clock before calling this project finished. Cover your design again with the teflon sheet and cast-iron or press it for about 5 more seconds. Just to make sure everything ‘s on there for good !
And now you ‘re done ! I hope I answered all of your questions here. With every project you ‘ll get better and better and soon you ‘ll be a HTV professional !

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