Phonological awareness

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​​​Phonological awareness is a crucial skill to develop in children. It is strongly linked to early reading and spelling achiever through its association with phonics. It is a focus of literacy teaching integrate :

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  • recognising phonological patterns such as rhyme and alliteration
  • awareness of syllables and phonemes within words, and
  • hearing multiple phonemes within words.

Phonological awareness skills

phonological awareness skills can be conceptualised within a sequence of increasing complexity : The diagram below displays this concept :

How phonemic awareness relates to phonological awareness

phonological awareness consists of all the above competencies, and phonemic awareness is a critical subset of phonological awareness. Phonemic awareness includes onset-rime identification, initial and concluding legal segment, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as blend, segment, and deleting/manipulating sounds ( see diagram above ) .

The difference between phonological awareness and phonics

While phonological awareness includes the awareness of speech sounds, syllables, and rhymes, phonics is the map of lecture sounds ( phonemes ) to letters ( or letter patterns, i.e. graphemes ). phonological Awareness and Phonics are therefore not the same, but these literacy focuses tend to overlap. Phonics builds upon a initiation of phonological awareness, specifically phonemic awareness. As students learn to read and spell, they fine-tune their cognition of the relationships between phonemes and graphemes in written language. As reading and spelling skills develop, focussing on phonemic awareness improves phonics cognition, and focussing on phonics besides improve phonemic awareness .

Why use phonological awareness

Developing strong competencies in phonological awareness is significant for all students, as the awareness of the sounds in words and syllables is critical to hearing and segmenting the words students want to spell, and blending together the sounds in words that students read. Focussing on phonological awareness is recommended to form a key part of early childhood department of education for literacy, starting with syllable, verse, and initial/final reasoned ( alliteration ) awareness.

In the early years of primary school, the focus of phonological awareness includes syllable, verse, and alliteration awareness, but has a stronger stress on phonemic awareness, particularly heavy blend, cleavage, and handling — as these are the strongest predictors of early on decode success .

Theory to practice

phonological awareness is a key early on competence of emergent and technical reading, including an explicit awareness of the structure of words, syllables, onset-rime, and individual phonemes. together with phonics, phonological awareness ( in especial phonemic awareness ) is an all-important competence for breaking the code of written linguistic process as per the Four Resources Model for Reading and Viewing

Rhyming words

In this television, the teacher leads a whole class lesson that focuses on rhyming words .

Phonological awareness onset-rime

In this video the teacher explicitly teaches attack and rhyme through a miniskirt moral. Students make differentiated onset-rime booklets to practise the skill of onset-rime division .

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