What Are the Differences Between PTS and PTSD?

It ’ randomness easy to confuse post-traumatic stress ( PTS ) and post-traumatic stress perturb ( PTSD ). In accession to sharing exchangeable names, there ’ mho considerable lap in symptoms between the two conditions. Both PTS and PTSD are associated with feeling fearful and/or skittish, avoiding the activity or place associated with the traumatic event, and nightmares. however, there are significant differences in symptom volume, duration, and treatment .

Post-traumatic Stress

PTS is a common, normal, and often adaptive reply to experiencing a traumatic or nerve-racking event. Common occurrences, like cable car accidents, can trigger PTS american samoa well as more unusual events like military battle or kidnap. Almost everyone who experiences a chilling site will show at least a few signs of post-traumatic stress. That ’ south because our brains are hard-wired to tell our bodies to tense our muscles, breathe fast, and pump more blood when we ’ ra under acute stress. This is the “ fight-or-flight ” response that prepares your soundbox to deal with a terror or challenge in the environment by pumping more blood and oxygen to your muscles, and it shuts gloomy non-critical functions like digestion. This fight-or-flight response is a convention automatic during and sometimes even after a traumatic event, which is why PTS is considered a normal reaction and not a mental illness .

PTS Symptoms and Behaviors

If you ’ re experiencing post-traumatic try, your heart may race, hands shake, you may sweat or feel afraid and nervous. After the nerve-racking event, you might avoid or be leery of engaging in that activity again, you may have a bad dream about the event you just experienced, or you may feel nervous in a situation that reminds you of the unpleasant consequence. Although they can be momentarily intense, symptoms of PTS normally subside a few days after the event and won ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate lawsuit any drawn-out meaningful noise with your life. One cocksure consequence of experiencing PTS may be that you behave more carefully in a potentially dangerous situation in the future .

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PTS Treatment

Since post-traumatic stress is not a mental disorder, treatment is not required as the symptoms will probable improve or subside on their own within a month. however, you should talk to a healthcare supplier if you feel troubled by your symptoms — if they ’ ra interfering with your employment, educate, or relationships or if you ’ ra hire in heedless behavior such as drink in or using drugs to cope with symptoms.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD is a clinically-diagnosed condition listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the recognized authority on genial illness diagnoses. The fifth revision, released May 2013, includes the latest diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic try perturb.

Anyone who has experienced or witnessed a position that involves the possibility of death or serious injury, or who learns that a close class extremity or friend has experienced a traumatic event, can develop post-traumatic stress disorder, although most people don ’ thymine. It ’ s hush not wholly silent why some people who are exposed to traumatic situations develop PTSD while others don ’ thymine.

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PTSD Symptoms and Behaviors

Common symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder include reliving a traumatic event through nightmares, flashbacks, or constantly thinking about it. You might avoid situations or people that remind you of the consequence, have only negative thoughts or emotions, and constantly feel edgy, nervous, or “ on edge. ” Although some of these symptoms sound similar to PTS, the dispute is the duration and intensity. Symptoms that continue for more than one calendar month, are severe, and interfere with your daily officiate are characteristic of PTSD .
Behaviors that indicate professional intervention is needed may include drink or smoking more than common as attempts to reduce anxiety or wrath, and aggressive drive. Service members who have experienced battle can be particularly nervous driving under overpasses and past litter on the wayside — behavior learned in Iraq and Afghanistan where insurgents hide improvise explosive devices in garbage and habit overpasses to shoot at vehicles. other behaviors that indicate that serve may be needed can include being leery of crowd, showing reluctance to go to movie theaters, crowded stores, or nightclubs, and avoiding news program that addresses oversea battle or getting angry at the reports .

PTSD Treatments

Certain medications and therapies are widely accepted by healthcare providers as effective treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder. Sertraline and Paroxetine are two medications the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved for treatment. Trauma-focused psychotherapy techniques such as prolong exposure therapy and cognitive march therapy have besides been proven to be effective and widely used .

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Overall Key Points

  • PTS symptoms are common after deployment and may improve or resolve within a month. PTSD symptoms are more severe, persistent, can interfere with daily functioning, and can last for more than a month.
  • Most people with PTS do not develop PTSD. You can develop PTSD without first having PTS.
  • PTS requires no medical intervention, unless symptoms are severe. However, you may benefit from psychological healthcare support to prevent symptoms from worsening.
  • PTSD is a medically-diagnosed condition and should be treated by a clinician.

To learn more about PTSD:

  • The Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury has fact sheets, treatment information, and resources on psychological healthcare.
  • The National Center for Telehealth and Technology develops smartphone apps, which include apps to help you track your mood and assist with PTSD treatment. The center also offers visitors an opportunity to learn how combat-related PSTD may be acquired, what it can be like to live with PTSD, and how to access care from its virtual PTSD learning experience.
  • The National Center for PTSD under the Department of Veterans Affairs has information for veterans, service members, families, and providers.
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