An introduction to ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors

This article looks at the most elementary approach to explaining external migration : push and pull factors I very a lot enjoyed the course. I was looking at another title on Futurelearn titled ‘ Working Supportively with Refugees ’ and in trying to find out the begin date, I happened to enroll on that course excessively. Both courses were running and I didn ’ thymine mean to be following two courses. They happen to compliment each other, I didn ’ t have the time with them both running latitude in order to complete the content assignments in this course. I paid for the supernumerary finish time in one, and rushed the other. however I have the learning information, and I am completing the early course with the learning of this course to contribute to content in. I find the end of step quizzes are a full measure of the attention I am paying to the material content. It ’ second one course at a clock for me from now on. migration and intercultural communication are very difficult topics. Often, people can not communicate with each other, because all, or some people involved, lack a fundamental cognition of context, have a miss of education and a lack of understand of cultural norms that apply. Often these people do not appreciate, do not embrace divers ideas and differences of opinion. Respecting divers opinions does not mean we have to like them. But they help us to position ourselves. We are all biased. Our duty is not trying to learn not being prejudiced but learning to identify our biases. I enrolled in this naturally because I wanted to deepen my cognition regarding external migration flows and acquiring the cardinal principle of migration theories. I am looking forward to the second FL on-line course with the deed : WHY DO PEOPLE MIGRATE : FACTS. I would like to thank the educators who did such a great subcontract and I would like to thank my fellow-learners your comments, your cognition and your temper and your kindness were a important as the educators ’ work. Social learning can not take locate without people like you who want to interact socially. Thanks from the bottom of my heart !

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According to this basic framework, international migration is the result of a combination of reasons that incite or force a person to leave a country of origin (push factors) and reasons that draw a person to a particular destination country (pull factors)
Push factors can include armed conflict, natural disasters, the lack of job opportunities, the possession of economic and cultural capital, a family break up or dissatisfaction with one’s own life and surroundings
Pull factors can often be the polar opposites of the push factors, i.e. greater security, better job opportunities or the prospect of a more exciting life. But some pull factors have no immediate correlation with push factors, for example geographic proximity or the presence of family or community members in the destination country.
Of course, everything would be too easy if migration were simply a question of being pushed and pulled! Migration is far more complex, and so are the social, economic and historical contexts in which this process takes place.

First of all, push and pull factors are never the same for everyone. These can change depending on social class, gender, ethnicity, age, physical ability and so on. The reasons why they change need to be explained as well.
One should also distinguish between the individual and the structural level. At an individual level, push factors include the immediate reasons that compel a person to migrate, such as the loss of a livelihood through redundancy or drought or, contrarily, the possession of capital required to embark on a migration project. Individual push factors may even include subjective aspects of a person’s character; for example, the fact that one has the courage to leave their country of origin.

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Push and pull factors between two countries or regions also change considerably over time. The changes that occur are dependent on other factors. Thinking hypothetically, the reasons for a person being attracted to a destination country in 2017 are different to the reasons in 2000 as result of the strengthening of co-national networks that were previously not present and due to a change in government policy that has facilitated migration through employment schemes. In fact, the importance of networks and the role of institutions will be something else that we look at in week 2.

The most elementary means of explaining external migration is by identifying ‘ push ’ and ‘ pull ’ factors.According to this basic framework, international migration is the resultant role of a combination of reasons that incite or force a person to leave a nation of beginning ( advertise factors ) and reasons that draw a person to a particular finish country ( pull factors ) Push factors can include armed conflict, lifelike disasters, the lack of job opportunities, the possession of economic and cultural das kapital, a class break up or dissatisfaction with one ’ second own life and surroundingsPull factors can often be the polar opposites of the push factors, i.e. greater security, better job opportunities or the expectation of a more arouse liveliness. But some perpetrate factors have no immediate correlation with push factors, for model geographic proximity or the bearing of family or community members in the destination country.Of course, everything would be excessively slowly if migration were simply a question of being pushed and pulled ! migration is far more building complex, and so are the social, economic and historic context in which this process takes place.First of all, push and pull factors are never the like for everyone. These can change depending on sociable class, gender, ethnicity, historic period, physical ability and so on. The reasons why they change need to be explained as well.One should besides distinguish between the individual and the structural level. At an individual flush, push button factors include the immediate reasons that compel a person to migrate, such as the personnel casualty of a support through redundancy or drought or, perversely, the possession of capital required to embark on a migration project. individual advertise factors may even include immanent aspects of a person ’ sulfur character ; for case, the fact that one has the courage to leave their nation of origin.In line, at a structural level, advertise and pull factors regard, for model, differences in national tug markets, institutional reforms, urban development, and then on. In workweek 2 we will look more closely at the differences between individual and structural reasons.Push and pull factors between two countries or regions besides change well over time. The changes that occur are dependent on other factors. Thinking hypothetically, the reasons for a person being attracted to a address country in 2017 are unlike to the reasons in 2000 as solution of the strengthening of co-national networks that were previously not present and due to a deepen in government policy that has facilitated migration through use schemes. In fact, the importance of networks and the character of institutions will be something else that we look at in workweek 2 .

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