Voiceover : Hi everyone, o, so in the following sic of video we ‘re going to be talking about the concept of self identity. But before we do that we need to start of by defining some very authoritative key terms and grasping the understand behind these terms. So the first is the idea of self-concept. immediately, I ‘m sure you ‘ve heard of this earlier, and I think everyone has a loosen rendition of what it is, their own interpretation. But let ‘s talk about it in terms of what psychologists say. indeed self-concept, according to psychologists, is a terminus used to refer to how person thinks about, perceives or even evaluates themselves. so to be self-conscious is to have a self-concept. now, the development of self-concept has two aspects, and the beginning of these is the experiential self. And once we have experiential self and mind of that, we can finally move on to the categorical self. And I ‘ll explain this relationship in a second. So basically, the existential self is the most basic part of self-concept. So it ‘s a sense of being divide and clear-cut from others. So these are two very significant components of the existential self. We are each separate and distinct entities or objects from others, from early objects, from other people. And an existential self is understanding and having awareness that the self is changeless. So it does n’t change in life ; it ‘s reasonably constant throughout life. thus if person comes up to you and says, I ‘m run down. That ‘s not their self-concept, that ‘s not a full definition of who they are, because it ‘s a irregular state of matter. They are not tired all the time. so self-concept is consistent or ceaseless. And a child adenine young as two or three months, baby, even realizes this. They realize that they exist individually from others, and that they exist over time and outer space. So this arises due to the region the relationship the child has with the world. So you ‘ve always seen that when a baby smiles, person else smiles back. Or have you always seen babies play with the mobiles hanging above their crib ? They have this relationship with other objects, and they realize that they are classify from that. now moving on. Once we realize that we have an experiential self, we can formulate a categoric self. In a categoric self comes once this baby realizes that they are branch. So it ‘s becoming aware that even though we ‘re separate and clear-cut objects or entities or beings, we besides exist in the world. We exist with other objects and beings and entities, in that, each of these objects has properties. so, at this point, the baby ‘s growing. And it ‘s becoming aware that he or she is an object with properties. So normally, unseasoned toddlers categorize themselves by age or by gender ; sometimes even by some skills they have or tied by their size, how big or little they are. now the two of the foremost categories that young children categorize themselves is by age and sex. You always hear little kids saying, I’m three, or I ‘m five, or I ‘m a daughter. sol in early childhood, these categories that children apply themselves to are identical concrete. But finally as they grow older, as we grow older, we start to categorize ourselves by including some more internal psychological traits. So we start to compare ourselves. We start to make evaluations with other people. We start to categorize ourselves possibly by our careers or by the type of person that we want to be. So these are more build up categories. now, you probably remember talking about Carl Rogers. And I ‘ll just refresh your memory, but he ‘s significant in the human-centered branch of psychology. so Carl Rogers believed that the self-concept had three different components. And the first of these is self-image. So we ‘ve all heard of this bible before. Self-image is the scene we have of ourselves. so there we are. It ‘s what we believe we are. The second part of his components is self-esteem. So we can use this bible along with dignity. How much value do we place on ourselves, and I ‘m going to put a little heart hera to kind of represent that, so how much love do we give ourselves, how much do we love ourselves ? How a lot value do we place on ourselves ? And the third is the ideal self. So it ‘s what we wish to be. What we aspire to be. I ‘m gon na give it a little leading to represent our ideal self. Okay, so developing this mind of self-concept a short farther, we can use a theory called the Social Identity hypothesis. So the Social Identity theory has two parts. It is, it defines it, it defines a theory in terms of two parts. And those two parts is the personal identity, which is pretty self-explanatory, so this is the things that are unique to each person, like personality traits. And the other is our sociable identity, so these include the groups you belong to in our residential district. indeed in rate to understand the social, Social Identity hypothesis, and how we categorize ourselves personally and socially, there ‘s a genial work involved in this. sol this work involves three steps, and these are the steps we use when we ‘re evaluating ourselves and others in the relationship between person personal and social identities. so first gear, all humans categorize themselves. We all categorize our, ourselves without even knowing it. We actually do this entire total of mental serve I ‘m gon na talk about without in truth knowing we do it, good, I guess, function of human nature. So we categorize ourselves in order to understand objects and identify them. So we categorized people into groups. Ones to which we belong and ones that are different from us. So we use social categories like race, so black, white, australian, chinese, christian, student, accountant, whatever it may be. We categorize ourselves and people through these categories. And if we can assign people to a category, that tells us things about that person. It, it kind of puts a definition to them. A prejudgment without fully knowing the person, we have some sort of categor, categoric term for them. now, the moment step, once we categorize, is, identification. now, let me jump back a little snatch and equitable say that not all people belong to just one class. We can belong to many different categories. Okay, so the moment step is identification. So this is when we adopt the identity of the group we have categorized ourselves as to belonging. so if we ‘ve categorized our yourselves as students, the chances are we ‘re gon na finally adopt the identity of a scholar. We ‘re gon na start acting like a scholar and behaving like a student. So this function starts to feel like a norm. We ‘re starting to conform to the average of the group, the class we belong to. And there ‘s an emotional meaning to identification, because our self-esteem, which we talked about up here, starts to become bounce with this group identification and sense of belong. And the final examination step is social comparison. We ‘re always comparing ourselves to others, all the clock, subconsciously, consciously whatever it is. sol once we categorize and identify, we’re going to finally start comparing ourselves with other groups. We ‘re comparing other groups with other groups. And the reason we do this is to maintain our self-esteem. We want to compare ourselves to other groups in a golden way. And this wholly mind is actually very critical in sympathy bias. Because once two groups identify themselves as branch and rivals, then we start to compete in club to maintain self-esteem. So we ‘re gon na look at self-esteem at another distributor point. But precisely understand that this plays a very important role in this mental action that we formulate in developing a social identity.