Is It a Stomach Bug or Food Poisoning?

overview You ’ ve probably listen people talking about the stomach bug or stomach flu going around at work or your child ’ south school. But what precisely is it ? The technical term for this sickness is viral gastroenteritis. It ’ s an inflammation of the stomach and intestines caused by a viral infection. food poison is different. It ’ s more common than the stomach wiretap. It ’ second estimated that approximately 48 million people experience food poisoning each class.

Read on to learn more about the similarities and differences between the stomach tease and food poison.

Stomach bug vs. food poisoning

Stomach bugFood poisoningCausevirusesbacteria, viruses, or parasitesIncubation period24-48 hours after exposure to virus2-6 hours after eating contaminated foodSymptoms• diarrhea or constipation
• fever
• vomiting
• nausea
• stomach or intestinal cramps
• joint stiffness
• weight loss
• diarrhea
• fever
• vomiting
• fatigue
• general malaise
• muscle aches
• headache
• sweating
• eye swelling
• difficulty breathing
• thirst
Prevention• wash your hands if you’re sick or have been around someone who is sick
• talk to your doctor about the vaccine for rotavirus
• if you’re sick, stay home and avoid spreading it to other people
• keep your food preparation area and equipment clean
• fully cook meats and seafood
• refrigerate perishable foods
• discard questionable foods

What are the differences in causes?

What causes the stomach bug?

respective unlike viruses may cause the stomach hemipterous insect. Viruses that most frequently cause it include norovirus, rotavirus, and adenovirus. The norovirus alone causes up to 21 million cases of the abdomen hemipterous insect in the United States each class. other viruses such as astroviruses can besides cause this circumstance. Stomach hemipterous insect caused by a rotavirus or norovirus infection is highly contagious. In the United States, infection most normally occurs between October and April. The most common manner to contract the virus is from aim contact with person who is sick. You can besides abridge the virus from contact with something person infected has touched that contains their stool, saliva, or vomit meaning with the virus in it .

What causes food poisoning?

Food poisoning develops when infectious organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites contaminate foods. Bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella are among the crown five germs that cause food poisoning in the United States. Norovirus is besides within the like top-five number according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ). You may get food poisoning from eating contaminated or undercooked kernel. however, affected meat international relations and security network ’ t the only food that causes food poisoning. The follow foods can besides lead to foodborne illness :

  • raw and undercooked eggs
  • raw sprouts
  • soft or unpasteurized cheeses, such as Brie and feta
  • vegetables and fruits that aren’t well-washed
  • raw fish or oysters
  • contaminated water
  • unpasteurized beverages, such as milk, cider, and juice
  • undercooked rice

Possible complications

After respective days with either the stomach wiretap or food poisoning, you may develop dehydration. Watch for the following signs and symptoms of dehydration :

  • a decrease in urine output
  • dark urine
  • dryness in your mouth or throat
  • dry diapers
  • a lack of tears in babies and toddlers
  • fast heart rate
  • low blood pressure
  • excessive thirst
  • dizziness, especially when standing

Babies may have sunken eyes or fontanels when they become dried. A fontanelle is besides known as the piano position on a baby ’ s head. You should seek medical attention if any of these symptoms occur.

Treatments

Treating a stomach bug

dehydration may become a serious business for people who have the stomach virus. Watch for the symptoms of dehydration. You should seek aesculapian attention if any of these symptoms occur. Make sure you get batch of fluids. Adults can drink fluids such as Gatorade with electrolytes, and children can besides drink fluid refilling solutions such as Pedialyte. These drinks coupled with water will help restore the body ’ south hydration balance. For best results, drink a few sips every half hour to an hour. Don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate drink sugary drinks like Kool-Aid or sodas, as these liquids don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate replace lost electrolytes. Taking in ice chips or toast knit water is another effective option for staying hydrated. once you feel cook to eat again, give your stomach a break by lento introducing politic foods into your diet. These may include :

  • cereals
  • whole grains
  • breads
  • potatoes
  • bananas
  • vegetables
  • fresh apples
  • plain yogurt
  • bananas

Avoid dairy, alcohol, caffeine, and hot foods that might upset your stomach .

Treating food poisoning

You should contact your doctor if you experience any of the stick to :

  • blood or pus in your stool
  • diarrhea lasting more than three days
  • fever above 100.4°F (38°C) in adults or above 101°F (38.3°C) in children
  • symptoms of dehydration, including fatigue and extreme thirst
  • symptoms of botulism
  • symptoms of food poisoning after visiting a developing country

If you have a mild case of food poisoning, it may respond well to rest and fever-reducing medications. If you have a dangerous character, you may need to be admitted to the hospital for intravenous fluid hydration. If you have severe bacterial food poison, your repair may prescribe an antibiotic. Your doctor of the church will review your symptoms and run tests to determine the best course of legal action.

Tips for prevention

Preventing the stomach bug

even though the stomach bug is sometimes called the stomach influenza, your annual influenza vaccine will not prevent it. Different types of viruses cause the stomach bug. Antibiotics will not help treat the stomach microbe because antibiotics work to treat bacterial infections, not viruses. Take measures to prevent yourself from transmitting the stomach influenza to others. You ’ re typically the most catching when you ’ re feeling the worst and a few days subsequently. The tease can stay in your stool for up to two weeks. Wash your hands often and stay home from work or school for at least a few days after you feel well. You should besides consider having your baby get the vaccine against the rotavirus when they ’ re 2 months erstwhile .

Preventing food poisoning

Follow these steps to help prevent food poison :

  • Keep food preparation surfaces, utensils, and your hands clean.
  • Cook ground beef to 160°F (71°C).
  • Cook roasts, steaks, and chops to 145°F (62°C).
  • Cook chicken and turkey to 165°F (73°C).
  • Make sure seafood is fully cooked.
  • Make sure canned foods are from trusted distributors.
  • Refrigerate any perishable foods within one hour.
  • Throw out foods that look or smell questionable.

Takeaway

While many symptoms of the stomach wiretap and food poison are similar, it ’ sulfur authoritative to determine which sickness you may have. The symptoms of food poisoning may :

  • occur more quickly or later after exposure
  • become more severe than symptoms of a stomach bug
  • be shorter in duration than symptoms of a stomach bug

Depending on the cause, your immune system function, and your overall health, food poisoning or viral gastroenteritis may become severe enough to require checkup attention. however, many people can normally manage either condition with rest, hydration, and at-home medical treatment. If you ’ re diffident about what ’ s causing your symptoms, check in with your doctor to be dependable. early health issues can cause exchangeable symptoms of gastrointestinal distress. In any case, call your doctor for help if your symptoms worsen .

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